On the hills around Salsomaggiore, in medieval times, were built by the powerful Marquis Pallavicino numerous castles in strategic positions, guarding the precious salt flats: Scipione, Tabiano, Contignaco, Bargone (the latter not visitable) and the Gallinella, of which only a few ruins remain.
The Castle was built during XII and XIII centuries and was completly renewed at the end of XIX century when it was reconverted in a private house.
The Castle of Scipione of the Pallavicino Marquees is the most ancient castle of the region and the only one still inhabitated by the descendants of the Pallavicino family.
Adalberto Pallavicino built the fortress during the XI century and seems that its main tower 30 meters high was built in 1030.
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